The first launch and recovery of a naval aircraft on the USS Saratoga (CV-3) was made by her Air Officer, Commander Marc A. Mitscher flying a Vought UO-1 aircraft on this date in 1928. Mitscher would go on to play a large role in the fight against the Imperial Japanese Navy in World War II.
At 0524 on 20 June 1944, Yorktown launched search aircraft to find the Japanese fleet. The Japanese fleet wasn’t found that morning but search planes encountered and shot down several Japanese float planes, Rufes (Zeros on floats), in the northern sectors. This convinced Admiral Mitscher to change Task Force 58′s pursuit course from 260 degrees [...]
On 18 June 1944, two large aircraft carrier battle groups approached each other southwest of Saipan in the Marianas. The First Mobile Fleet of the Imperial Japanese Navy carried 440 aircraft on nine carriers: Taiho, Shokaku, Zuikaku, Junyo, Hiyo, Ryuho, Chitose, Chiyoda, and Zuiho. It was led by Vice Admiral Jisaburo Ozawa, a 1909 graduate [...]